Task C- General summary of Task implementation process
Task C has been aiming to bring the national perspectives together in a quest to map common risks that could affect the Baltic Sea region as a whole. When the project started, the concept was to compare the different national risk assessments, and build on national experience to establish a common platform for further work in a regional context.
However, only two national risk assessments (NRAs) were in place when the project started. The first phase of the project was therefore devoted to develop a theoretical platform with agreed references (scenarios and criteria). As a point of common reference, the EU document “Risk Assessment and Mapping Guidelines for Disaster Management” was used. By using a step-by-step approach, all countries have been able to participate, discuss and improve the method, thus strengthening the common platform as well as the network of authorities with responsibility for societal security.
Task C developed regional scenarios that describe six different hazards. The scenarios chosen were: extreme weather/storm, flooding, forest fire, diseases (pandemic flu), accident at sea (with subsequent pollution) and nuclear accident. During the work, appropriate examples of good practices, reports, studies and assessments carried out at national level for different types of risk scenarios were collected. Information and experience has been shared willingly and openly.
Two questionnaires have been distributed, the first one asking for feedback on the chosen scenarios from each participating country, on two main criteria: cross-border impacts and the need for international assistance. The second questionnaire focused on possible capacity gaps in connection with the scenarios.
An active working-group, consisting of MSB and DSB has been vital for this project, and time schedules were planned in close cooperation in the early phase of the project. There has, however, been quite a change in personnel, both at DSB and MSB, probably leading to a greater use of resources than expected. Due to illness, the last phase of the project has been delayed, although meeting the deadlines as previously set.
The macro-regional risk assessment effort has received much international attention, and is well received in the international civil protection community. Task C has led to unexpected strong bonds between the 10 different institutions participating in the work, and as previously mentioned, information and experience has been shared openly.
The results are presented in:
Red Book One – Drawing Macro-regional Risk: Six Scenarios for the Baltic Sea Region
Red Book Two – Guiding and Tailoring Risk Assessment for the Baltic Sea Region
St.Petersburg University of State Fire Service of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters: Natural and man-made risk assessment in the Russian Federation.
Red Book Three – Macro-regional Risk – What did we learn? (To be finished)