Task D- Evaluation of the Technical Results and Deliverables, and follow-up
The Task D Leader has identified that there were a number of strengths to the results and deliverables produced by the Task D partnership. In summary, these strengths are:
- The deliverables have been developed in collaboration with a number of experts from numerous countries within the BSR.
- The deliverables include numerous examples of good practice from experts working in different fields related to flooding and flood prevention. This has enhanced the European added-value of the deliverables.
- The State of the Art Study is a substantial reference document containing a lot of information from the BSR macro region. The document also contains a list of references that provide sources of further information about flooding and flood prevention.
- The networking that was facilitated by the workshops has connected a number of flood prevention experts from a number of countries. It is believed that this networking will provide a foundation from which to stimulate and enable future cross-border/macro-regional collaboration on flood prevention issues.
While Task D partners were able to facilitate collaboration between practitioners in Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (and, to a lesser degree Sweden), future networking and collaboration on flood prevention issues could benefit from the inclusion of the remaining BSR countries. Also, while the Task D partners were mindful of looking to other areas of the World for ideas and examples of good practice (for instance, when researching good practice in dealing with ice jams), this should be an area of work that is given more attention in collaborative working at the macro-regional level. While BSR countries must work together internally, they must remember to also take a broader view and look outside the macro region for knowledge and ideas that can be imported from other places.
The Task D partners formulated a number of key conclusions regarding flood prevention in the BSR. These conclusions were presented in more detail within the final chapter of the State of the Art Study and are only summarised here:
- While flood prevention can be costly, it can also be cost effective and in many circumstances it can be considerably more cost effective than taking no further action.
- Flood prevention needs to be addressed proactively, before major flooding emergencies occur.
- There is significant value in developing and implementing a holistic approach to flooding and flood prevention, both nationally and macro-regionally. To achieve a more holistic approach within most BSR countries, it would be necessary to link together multiple stakeholders currently working in isolation into a coordinated framework which leads and drives all stakeholders to pursue a coordinated and mutually supportive approach to all flooding issues.
- The Task D partner suggest that a holistic and integrated approach to flood prevention should include the following key elements:
- Flood monitoring
- Accumulation and analysis of comprehensive data records on flooding events.
- Implementation of a cyclical process of critical evaluation – including regular evaluations of the strategies and measures taken to prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from floods.
- Flood risk assessment and flood risk mapping, as prescribed by the EU Floods Directive.
- Construction and maintenance of appropriate and cost-effective flood control.
- Flood prediction and modelling.
- Effective land-use planning.
- Development and implementation of effective early warning systems and associated communication systems and procedures.
- Clearly defined Crisis Management Systems and procedures which can be used if/when flooding events occur.
- Use and development of software tools.
- Regular and continued generation and exchange of knowledge, experiences and good practices related to flooding.
In addition to the above mentioned conclusions, the Task D partners developed SWOT Analyses for Macro regional Cooperation on Flood Prevention and Flood Response within the BSR. These SWOT Analyses appraised the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats to macro regional collaboration on flooding issues. Following the development of the SWOT Analyses, the Task D partners formulated three specific recommendations (which are also presented within the State of the Art Study):
- The need to facilitate future cross-border discussions and exchanges in the BSR on flood prevention – perhaps through the development of an online database of contact details for flood prevention experts working within the BSR.
- The need to develop an information system for flooding and flood prevention practitioner – perhaps by providing one centrally accessible (online) location to store data and reports gathered during the project.
- The need to develop a database containing information and examples of good practice on dealing with ice-jams.
The majority of Task D partners have joined a grant application to the Civil Protection Financial Instrument for further funding to finance a project that aims to strengthen training activities and exercises in relation to disaster risk prevention and management in the BSR. This project builds directly on the results and concrete outcomes of the EUSBSR flagship project 14.3.
In addition, Task D partners are currently exploring possibilities with the CBSS with regards to the possible future development of an ice-jam database.