Task F- Activities
In the original plan there were the following actions:
- Action 1: Task F general kick-off workshop
- Action 2: Task F study on States ability to cope with major disasters
- Action 3: Task F impact assessment (EGNRS-group, Fin-experts, BSR-experts)
- Action 4: TASK F workshop finalizing selected scenarios
- Action 5: Task F macro-regional impact study on selected scenarios
- Action 6: TASK F workshop to identify macro-regional implications of a nuclear safety
- Action 7: TASK F workshop to finalize the macro-regional gap report
- Action 8: TASK F final workshop
- Action 9: Incorporating TASK F results into the EUSBSR Flagship Project 14.3 final report
Based on the decisions made in Hamburg kick-off meeting and to ensure use of limited resources in a cost-effective way the number of workshops was reduced to two. This proved to be a sound decision. Latter it proved to be difficult to mobilize and activate the entire EGNRS- group and some of the BSR-experts to work for the Task F. The actions identified in the original plan however, were addressed and undertaken within the meetings and the two workshops as originally planed.
Action 1: Preparation of a reference scenario by a STUK expert group.
The reference scenario presents a situation where low pressure area with a strong winter storm enters Finland after passing over the southern parts of the Baltic Sea Region. The storm causes e.g. long term (several days) electrical blackout in southern Finland. Extensive blockage of road takes place. National transmission power grid is damaged. Dispersion of oil releases in the sea. At Loviisa NPP long-term loss of off-site power takes place. The fuel is damaged in one of the units after four days of the loss of external power. Radioactive material is released into the sea and to outdoor air.
The reference scenario was used in the Action 3 Workshop on “Nuclear Safety Risk Scenarios and Gaps in Macro-Regional Context”. Further, the idea is to use that in a follow up project, where each Baltic Sea country would assess and take into account country specific risks and, subsequently modify the reference scenario to best fit into their conditions. – And, thereby to be in a position to identify the major gaps in their prevention, emergency preparedness and in planned counter measures.
Action 2: Workshop “Nuclear Safety Risk Scenarios and Gaps in Macro-Regional Context”, STUK, Helsinki, 23 August 2012.
Aims of the meeting were the presentation and discussion of the draft scenario prepared by Roy Pöllänen, Juhani Lahtinen and Jorma Sandberg and planning of the workshop to be held in STUK 18. – 21. September 2012. As a result it was concluded that the scenario with some modifications of complementary nature is ready for use in the Workshop proper (Action 3).
Action 3: Workshop “Nuclear Safety Risk Scenarios and Gaps in Macro-Regional context”, STUK, Helsinki, 18-20 September 2012.
Aims of the 1st Workshop were to get acquainted with the Finnish national prevention and preparedness system, to get acquainted with the European crisis management system, and to get acquainted with several present cases (threats and disasters). The aim was also to plan the study which will be made in this project to identify major gaps in the present prevention, emergency preparedness and crisis management procedures. Based on the presentations to discuss and identify possible gaps in the present emergency preparedness and crisis management.
A list of gaps was prepared based on the discussions. The scenario, when deployed, appeared to disclose efficiently a set of gaps, evidently including some major ones. Also the methodology, namely a small scale workshop with participation of the key operative authorities, proved to be very efficient way to discover major potential gaps for further analysis and evaluation.
Action 4: Workshop “Nuclear Safety Risk Scenarios and Gaps in Macro-Regional Context”, STUK, Helsinki, 5-7 March 2013.
Aims of the 2nd Workshop were to get to know crisis management systems of different countries, to share information about lessons learned thus far, and to present once more the reference scenario. One of the aims was also to discuss and make further plans for the finalization of the study “States ability to cope with major disasters” and that, including identification of evident major gaps – such activities which might need further attention when developing crisis management systems for the BSR (and also European level crisis management).
A list of gaps was prepared based on the discussions. The scenario appeared to be valuable also within the BSR context when, as indicated above, complemented with some country specific elements. The results achieved warranted the finalization of the study underway.
Action 5: Preparation of a study report “Identification of the Gaps in Disaster Prevention and Coping Strategies of the Baltic Sea Region Countries”
Based on the presentations and discussions in the previous Workshops a study report was drafted. On the basis of which the presentation was prepared for the Final Conference in Brussels 13-14 May 2013.
Action 6: Final Conference of the EUSBSR Flagship Project 14.3, Brussels, 13 -14 May 2013.
Two experts from the Task F group participated in the Final Conference.
Action 7: CBSS Workgroup EGNRS meeting in Stockholm 20-21 May 2013.
A draft study report was presented to the EGNRS-group, especially conclusions and recommendations. The group took note of the work done and results achieved and is prepared to play their role in any of the future follow up projects, as may be determined at the latter date.
Action 8 and 9: After the EGNRS meeting in Stockholm 20-21 May 2013 the study report was finalized and subsequently also the Task F technical implementation report.